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Understanding Myopia: A Guide from Horner Family Eyecare in Woodbury, MN

What is Myopia?

Myopia, commonly known as nearsightedness, is a vision condition in which people can see close objects clearly, but objects farther away appear blurred. It occurs when the shape of the eye causes light rays to bend (refract) incorrectly, focusing images in front of the retina instead of on the retina. As one of the most common vision issues worldwide, understanding myopia is crucial, especially for parents, as it typically begins in childhood.


Causes and Risk Factors of Myopia

Myopia develops when the eyeball is too long relative to the focusing power of the cornea and lens of the eye. This shape anomaly causes light rays to focus at a point in front of the retina, rather than directly on its surface. Genetic factors play a significant role; if one or both parents are nearsighted, the chances are higher that their children will be nearsighted.


However, environmental factors such as spending significant time working on close-up tasks like reading, writing, or using devices can also contribute to the development of myopia. Recent studies suggest that reduced outdoor activity may affect the growth and development of the eye.


Symptoms of Myopia

People with myopia often have difficulties with visual clarity when looking at distant objects, which can lead to squinting, eye strain, and headaches. These symptoms may worsen during activities like driving, watching TV, or any situation where seeing far away is necessary.


Diagnosis and Treatment at Horner Family Eyecare

At Horner Family Eyecare in Woodbury, MN, we use comprehensive eye exams to diagnose myopia. These exams not only confirm the presence of myopia but also help us understand the progression of your vision issues. Once diagnosed, we can discuss the best treatment options, which may include:


  • Eyeglasses or Contact Lenses: The most common forms of correction for myopia.

  • Orthokeratology ("Ortho-K"): A non-surgical procedure involving specially designed contact lenses that you wear overnight to temporarily reshape the curvature of your cornea.

  • Refractive Surgery: This could be an option for suitable candidates to permanently correct the vision, although it's typically recommended for adults.


Preventing Myopia Progression in Children

Protecting your child's vision starts with regular eye exams. At Horner Family Eyecare, we emphasize the importance of early detection and management of myopia to prevent its progression. Encouraging children to spend more time outdoors and less time on near-vision activities can help manage the early development of myopia.


Myopia Management Solutions

As part of our commitment to comprehensive eye care, Horner Family Eyecare offers several myopia management strategies that go beyond conventional eyeglasses and contacts. These strategies are designed to slow the progression of myopia, helping maintain better vision health for the future.


Visit Us at Horner Family Eyecare

At Horner Family Eyecare, we're dedicated to providing the highest quality eye care to the Woodbury community. If you or your child is experiencing difficulties with distant vision, or if you have any concerns about myopia, don't hesitate to contact us. Schedule an appointment today to discuss how we can help you manage your vision for a clearer, brighter future.


Kindly note: This blog is for your reading pleasure and is not a substitute for real-deal medical advice. Always consult a professional for eye health concerns.

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